What are cookies?
Cookies are files that can be downloaded to your computer through websites. They are tools that
play an essential role in the provision of information. Among other things, they
allow a website to store and retrieve information about the browsing habits of a user or his/her
computer and, depending on the information obtained, they can be used to recognise the user and improve the service
Types of cookies
Depending on the entity that manages the domain from which the cookies are sent and processes the data
obtained, two types can be distinguished:
– Own cookies:
Those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher
itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
– Third-party cookies:
Those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed
by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
In the case that cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself but the
information collected through them is managed by a third party, they cannot be considered as
There is also a second classification according to the length of time they remain stored in the
client’s browser, which can be
– Session cookies:
Designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually
used to store information that is only relevant to the provision of the service
requested by the user on one occasion (e.g. a list of products purchased).
– Persistent cookies:
The data is still stored on the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period
defined by the person responsible for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years.
Finally, there is another classification with six types of cookies according to the purpose for which the data
obtained is processed:
– Technical cookies:
Those that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform or application and
use the different options or services that exist therein, such as, for example, controlling
traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing parts of restricted access,
remembering the elements that make up an order, carrying out the purchase process of an order,
requesting registration or participation in an event, using security elements during
navigation, storing content for the broadcasting of videos or sound or sharing content through
– Personalization cookies:
They allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics predefined according
to a series of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as the language, the type of
browser through which the service is accessed, the regional configuration from which the
service is accessed, etc.
– Analysis cookies:
They allow the person responsible for them to monitor and analyse the behaviour of the users
of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected by means of this type of cookie is
used to measure the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of navigation
profiles of the users of these sites, applications and platforms, in order to
introduce improvements based on the analysis of the usage data made by the users of the service.
– Advertising cookies:
They allow the management, in the most efficient way, of the advertising spaces.
– Behavioral advertising cookies: They
store information on user behavior obtained through continuous observation
of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display
advertising based on it.
– Cookies from external social networks:
They are used so that visitors can interact with the content of different social platforms
(facebook, youtube, twitter, linkedIn, etc..) and that they are generated only for users of
these social networks. The conditions of use of these cookies and the information collected is
Deactivation and elimination of cookies You
have the option of allowing, blocking or eliminating the cookies installed on your computer by configuring the
options of the browser installed on your computer. By disabling cookies, some of the services available may
no longer be operational. The way to disable cookies is different for each browser, but it can usually
be done from the Tools or Options menu. You can also consult the browser’s Help menu
where you can find instructions. You can choose which cookies you want to work
on this website at any time.
You can allow, block or delete cookies installed on your computer by setting the options
of the browser installed on your computer:
– Microsoft Internet Explorer or Microsoft Edge
//windows.microsoft.com/es-es/windows-vista/Block-or-allow-cookies – Mozilla Firefox
//support.mozilla.org/es/kb/impedir-que-los-sitios-web-guarden-sus-preferencia – Chrome
//support.google.com/accounts/answer/61416?hl=es – Safari
//safari.helpmax.net/es/privacidad-y-seguridad/como-gestionar-las-cookies/ – Opera
In addition, you can also manage the cookie store in your browser through tools such as the
ww.ghostery.com/ – Your Online Choices: